Pak-LIS News
Jan-Mar 2004, Vol. 4, No.1




Libraries a place of Knowledge Management in Electronic Age & Role of Librarians


Promotion Of Book And Reading Culture In Pakistan by Dr.Nasim Fatima
Collection Development Policy of a University Library by Muhammad Saeed

Professional News

Guidelines for Archive Mangament in Pakistan
Pakistan Library Bulletin Vol. 34 (4) December, 2003 published
Methods of Teaching Library Science in Colleges Workshop held on 25th February,2004 in Department of Library and Information Science, University of Karachi
New Trends in Bibliographic Citations and References in Research , 23rd lecture of Higher Education Series was delivered by Dr. Nasim Fatima
Scope of Library and Information Science another Lecture By Dr. Nasim Fatima in D.H.A.
List Of Thesis Submitted In 2003, Department Of Library & Information Science, University Of Karachi
The Pakistan Library Association (Federal Branch) arranged an EID Millan Party at National Library Of Pakistan on 23rd December, 2003
Dr. Muhammad Ramzan addresses in HEC workshop

Personal Announcements



Guest Editorial

Libraries a place of Knowledge Management in Electronic Age & Role of Librarians

Muhammad Shafiq Rana, Management Executive, Pakistan Poverty Alleviation Fund, HID Centre, Islamabad.

Libraries are experiencing the same kinds of transformational change, our colleges and universities are encountering, as digital technology fundamentally alters how services are provided, research is conducted, and learning occurs. As written elsewhere, digital technology is dramatically changing the print-on-paper library model that has been the mainstay of higher education's Libraries must learn to adapt by appropriately modifying, supplementing, and discarding services while maintaining the core values so important to their role at the center of the academic enterprise.

Libraries are the center of knowledge management in future and the librarian will be the manager of information and knowledge or e-librarians. Information technology is breaching the traditional disciplinary boundaries through which the university is organized, and through which we organize and access knowledge. It has challenged and made obsolete many of our current practices of providing library services, budgeting resources, defining our student constituencies, handling tenure decisions, etc.

Libraries provide us with a clear example of both the promise and the pitfalls of new technology, the problems solved, and the problems created. The acid paper that helped fuel the spread of literacy in the mid-nineteenth century, ironically contained the seeds of its own destruction, and in the latter part of the twentieth century libraries have been faced with a massive preservation challenge. Today, digital technology presents us with a similar dilemma - the potential for greatly enhanced access combined with uncontrollable and unexpected chaos.

An example of this challenge is the mistaken impression among all too many political and academic leaders that all someone has to do is search the Web for any information one needs. A vast amount of "information" is, indeed, available on the Web today, but it is not a coherent collection of information. Further, the amount of scholarly, intellectual and aesthetic information available on the Web is truly minimal when compared with what is available in a good library.

Perhaps the greatest obstacle to moving forward in this arena is eradicating the myth that the Web already provides this library environment. Furthermore, access to the Web is anything but egalitarian. The Web is not a library, and access to it is far from egalitarian. This needs to be clearly understood before we can begin to confront the challenges and the promises the Internet holds for us.

It is imperative that we understand the Web and the ways it is not a library. But the Web, and whatever universally available electronic information system follows it, must be reckoned with, because an ever-larger population of our world is assuming that it replaces the library. We must address all the concerns the Web raises, find ways to compensate for its lacks, and reinforce the role of the library.

Because the Web is not catalogued, no one has an idea what is there, or how this information fits into a larger taxonomy of knowledge. Instead, we have rather primitive, inelegant key word search engines, which are neither effective nor efficient in the retrieval of information. Technology has brought about flexibility and access, but also brought about chaos to those charged with codifying and making available the information of the ages. While this was manageable in the analog world, in the digital world there is a current absence of much of the value, which libraries have contributed to our society.

As noted, the Web will never contain all of the information available in a good library. The absence of copyrighted material on the Web also presents a major shortcoming. Furthermore, most of the material that is historical and that precedes copyright hasn't been digitized, and there are not systematic efforts going on to address this. Although some individual libraries have programs to digitize some of this material and include it in their own collections, these efforts represent a duplicative and non-comprehensive approach.

The Web lacks standards and methods to validate or authenticate information. There is no librarian making informed decisions about the quality or appropriateness of the information and then adding this to a coherent collection. With the web, everything is equally valid (or not) and there are no filters. However, the Web is an outstanding example of the power of digital technology to provide widespread access to information. James O'Donnell makes these challenges as he states:

" - In one important regard, the Internet is not a library: nobody built it. There is great value in the diversity and abundance of information out there, and one may reasonably expect that diversity and abundance to continue to explode. But the qualities that make the library valuable are not quite there yet. There is no organized cataloging, there is no commitment to preservation, and there is no support system to help you find the difficult or missing resource. Finally, there is no filter: that is, there is none of the sense that a user of a great library has that somebody has thought about the possibilities and selected a set of materials to be both comprehensive and yet delimited. On the internet, you never know what you're
missing." While the Internet promises vast amounts of information available in an almost ubiquitous fashion, many of the basic defining characteristics of a library are missing. These missing elements will significantly retard the educational framework for our society. Libraries must be part of the fabric of the new electronic infrastructure that is emerging. Access to the content, the services, and the organization of information is essential to teaching, learning, and inquiry at all levels of our educational systems, as well as to the society at large."

Knowledge Management

In recent years, a new phrase - knowledge management - has entered the lexicon. For many in the academic world, this is an old concept, a function historically performed by librarians. However, in the digital information age this term has taken on nuances that point to the need to rethink the old paradigms; to reconsider that the new knowledge management players in the academy might be. According to the experts in this field,

"Knowledge management is the process of transforming information and intellectual assets into enduring value. It connects people with the knowledge that they need to take action, when they need it. In the corporate sector, managing knowledge is considered key to achieving breakthrough competitive advantage".

The key to knowledge management is capturing the knowledge of process - how organizations get their work done - and how various elements of information connect to this. The literature defines two different types of information necessary to accomplish this: explicit and tacit. Explicit information is packaged, easily codified, transferable, and communicable. Tacit knowledge, on the other hand, is personal, context-specific, difficult to formalize, and difficult to communicate and transfer. "Combining these two types of information - using formal and informal information to guide processes - provides the perceived value of knowledge management. The focus is on unraveling individual know-how and applying it to explicitly driven processes so that the right knowledge is available to the right people at the right time. These interesting concepts are being applied in limited and often modest scale in industrial settings. The commercial world hopes to capture efficiencies knowledge management promises in order to gain competitive market advantage. The knowledge management paradigm has even been referred to as the next "killer application" in that it provides organizations with valuable, credible, and insightful information - a tremendous asset and a unique advantage. Already companies are generating databases, linkages on web sites, and portals to facilitate the integration of explicit and tacit information, and attempting to gain this advantage. So, the question we might address is whether this paradigm is applicable to higher education, and if so, how it might be applied.

Our mostly academic public libraries have not focused quite effectively on collecting, organizing and making explicit information/knowledge available. The Web adds an entirely new dimension, however. Explicit information is much more difficult to acquire because of the explosive, bottom-up nature of the Web, and tacit information is equally or perhaps more difficult to obtain because it is buried in web-based links to other sites, databases, and publications. In academia, most of the tacit knowledge associated with an area of study lies with the faculty who study it. The tacit knowledge of a literature may be what characterizes much of the informal, side-conversations at academic conferences, in discussions between graduate students and their mentors, etc.

With this discussion of knowledge management and the impact that technology is having on libraries, it is perhaps worthwhile to try to define what precisely it is that we strive for, aspire to, or dream of with regard to online content, access and services in this new electronic era. The vision must include a guarantee of universal electronic access to the collective corpus of our traditional libraries, as well as the inclusion of Web-based materials and other kinds of tacit information already discussed. Another difference is that this access could be available to anyone, not just a chosen few who have access to materials as a function of geography or status.

In the print-only world, there has been a complex but well-defined system of content validation and description that involves librarians, referees, reviewers and publishers. After going through the various defined processes, its selection gave that material a legitimacy that students and scholars came to depend upon. Furthermore, technological advances and collaborative efforts have allowed the costs of this process to be reduced through shared electronic cataloging (e.g. OCLC) and through the purchase or licensing of abstracting and indexing electronic databases. Librarians recognized ages ago that the only scalable and affordable approach to such processes was to take advantage of leveraged and shared resources.

The rise of electronic information resources freely accessible through the Internet has disrupted this relatively efficient system in a number of ways. There is no clear and defined role for libraries with regard to the selection, preservation and provision of access in regard to the digital resources accessible through
the net. Additionally, students and faculty have a need to learn how to evaluate these new information resources, and it is far more difficult to do so on the Web than it has been in a traditional library. With a traditional library, the very fact that a library held a book or a journal represented a conscious set of decisions about the validity of the information, and implied a filtering process that suggested a reasonable level of legitimacy. This is not true when one surfs the Web. Another problem is that of scale, as some libraries, academic departments, and even individual scholars are creating their own collections of Web sites, selecting and describing network resources they find useful and credible. In some cases these resources are even added to centralized databases, but the combination of the growth of the web, and the lack of scalability of these individual, highly labor-intensive approaches do not make such efforts a viable or affordable means of addressing this important challenge.

The problem is not how to digitize libraries to deliver information to the desktop and laboratory; the problem is how to create flexible organizations/institutions that reach beyond the boundaries of the physical campus.

Knowledge management in an academic setting must encompass the community of scholars in a given discipline and must be able to integrate publications, data sets, tools for manipulating such data, connections to databases of pictures and images, and much more. Corporations to bring together tacit and explicit information in a "push" technology framework are using portal technology. This also should have potential in an academic environment because its ability to help us screen and filter information, to hone in on explicit meanings, and to effectively "push" this filtered information to users.

Much of the focus of knowledge management literature is on competitive advantage, enabling one firm to have a leveraged position over another. In the academic world, however, collegial rather than competitive motivations change the nature and the dynamics of a knowledge management model. While most certainly, the "bragging rights" of having a larger or more comprehensive research library have been used "competitively to try to attract better faculty, for the most part, the culture of the academy is based upon the free flow of information, without competitive concerns.

So if we are to envision a different set of library resources, perhaps including a knowledge management dimension, what might this look like, and more importantly how might this be created, and by whom? These are some of the questions and challenges facing academic leaders, librarians and scholars as we enter into this new age of information, and as we attempt to transform our organizations. This dream may come reality if our organizations, Government and other institutions build up a network of libraries, e-libraries on modern techniques. Awareness about knowledge and information management must be created to the users as well as the government authorities.

In Pakistan there is not sufficient institutions, which are practicing the knowledge/information management by using the information technology. Most of librarians are not much familiar to this kind of job. So that is why in public sector’s libraries has not leading roles as well as the librarians. It’s due to only that at the time of recruitment of a librarian in the public sector, they strictly like to recruit the most experienced persons not the young blood, which are equipped with electronic tools. So that is why we cannot change the concept of a librarian, which is still a typical clerical job. The corporate sector is offering good pay packages as equal to other professionals but it not happens in public sector’ institutions. In order to this library awareness may be created among the professionals as well as the public. It can only possible if the government takes initiative to set up a chain of libraries on the modern electronic tools. It is time to establish the E-Libraries if we want to teach our public how much role of information and knowledge have in the development of a nation. It is also needed to revise the remuneration package about the librarians. It is good that corporate sector’s institutions are very concerned with the libraries. Library & information science courses have been thought by our universities should be refreshed according to the international standards. The profession of librarianship must be promoted and facilitated like other professions. There is no doubt the librarians will lead as information and knowledge manager in future. So it is very essential to do some thing about the libraries in this country if we want to promote the reading habits in our nation.[Contents]


Promotion Of Book And Reading Culture In Pakistan
Dr.Nasim Fatima

The right to education entails the right to read. Reading encourages the fullest development of thought and citizens' democratic participation society. Reading habits must be entrenched from early ages and continue during the whole life.
The right to education is a fundamental human right recognized by international norm-settings (Article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Article 13 on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights). As such, it must be fully implemented in national legislation and policies.
Publishing Industry
The supply of a diversity of creative and educational publications is fundamental for stimulating reading and the curiosity of readers. The availability of publications meeting such demand depends on an environment enabling publishers to fully undertake their work.
o In accordance with international instruments protecting the right to freedom of expression, publishers shall have the right to publish and distribute works of the mind in complete freedom
o In accordance with international copyright conventions, the rights of authors and publishers shall be promoted, protected and enforced, as an engine for encouraging creativity and the dissemination of a variety of literary works.
o The unrestricted flow of educational, scientific and cultural materials internationally must be guaranteed, mainly through the elimination of custom duties on these materials and in accordance with the UNESCO Florence Agreement and its additional Nairobi Protocol.
o Schools and educational institutions are key actors in reading development and, as such, should be provided an adequate supply of reading material. The use of a variety of textbooks by teachers encourages children's interest for reading.
o For publishers to fully assume their fundamental role in the book production chain, they must have access to adequate training; this will help them to optimize the quality of their work in editorial, production and service terms, and subsequently facilitate the diversified supply of books to all categories of readers.
o In addition to printed books, new opportunities to produce and acquire knowledge are offered through cyberspace. Facilitating Internet connection of readers, book production actors and education personnel is thus an additional means of enhancing a culture of reading.
o State budgets shall integrate book promotion activities and governments shall give incentives to the various actors of the book production chain, in order to support a culture of reading.
UN Literacy Decade2003-2012
o Publishers are encouraged to celebrate World Book and Copyright Day, a unique opportunity to promote books and reading. This event aims at drawing the attention of government bodies as well as the public at large to this means of knowledge, expression and communication, which remains the basis of active education and critical thinking.
o They shall favor contacts with the other actors of the book production chain (authors, booksellers, libraries), relevant national or international institutions and government authorities to put into place partnerships for other reading promotion initiatives.
I PA's role in the Literacy Task Force
In the frame of its participation in the UN Literacy Task Force, International Publishers Association will be pleased to facilitate communication between UN agencies and the international publishing community, in view of the realization of initiatives such as awareness-building projects on book and reading, support to national book industry development and encouragement of regional cooperation in the book industry. Pakistan Publishers and Booksellers Association in collaboration with PLA can also cooperate in Literacy Task Force for Pakistan.
To encourage economic access to books
1. The necessity for reasonable fixed book prices newspapers must be recognized.
2. The introduction of the lowest possible postage rates for books should be provided for without delay. This would the cost reduce of inter lending of materials and of purchase of specialized materials for public libraries.
3. To initiate in the field of copyright, legislation which should encourage good relations between libraries and rights owners.
To improve technical access to books
1. To develop a browsing and selection mechanism for collections.
2. The urgent need for a decision to standardize good paper quality, thus reducing the production of acid paper, which is now predominant.
3. Strong support for measures promoting the use of permanent paper and text and image digitalization at level is necessary to ensure the success of such measures.
4. Community programs e.g. Book talks, Book Launching, Book exhibitions to be launched.
5. Improving the physical, social, cultural, economic and technical accessibility to books will enhance the promotion of books and reading by libraries.
6. The specific needs of people with disabilities and minority groups must be recognized.
To provide physical accessibility to books
1. The necessity of a good public library infrastructure by branch libraries and mobile libraries, with a view to putting people in touch with books, especially in areas where library facilities are non-existent or inadequate, in rural or isolated areas and in areas with low reading levels. The nature of the stock should be relevant to the social and cultural profile of the areas concerned.
2. To encourage and extend the existing systems of inter-library loans and document delivery within the States and with other countries.
3. A wide selection of books and non-book materials (e.g. talking books, multi media and videos) should be readily available to all citizens through the assistance of public libraries in every possible environment: at school, at work, at home, in the hospital, in the supermarket, etc.
4. The importance of the use of television and other media in the promotion of books and reading should not be neglected and underestimated.
5. The urgent need for preferential treatment to be given through the Regional Fund to grant aid to projects for the construction and facilities of public libraries in the least-developed regions where such facilities are poor.
To promote social accessibility of books
1. To combat illiteracy, the promotion of reading should start with children. It is essential to start as early as possible. Story telling, Children’ s book promotions and festivals are excellent examples for promotion. Cooperation between parents, school and public library is necessary for its success
2. To promote reading among the most disadvantaged people in society an Easy-to-Read database should be set up to monitor and encourage the production of appropriate reading and audio-visual materials accessible to persons with reading difficulties. This database should be made available to all.
To encourage production of knowledge
Authors, Calligraphers, Media Producers may be awarded certificate of honor for cooperating in literacy campaign, developing a good taste of reading and promoting book culture in Pakistan. With out defending, expanding intellectual properties restored in libraries we cannot build a better Pakistan.[Contents]

Collection Development Policy of a University Library by Muhammad Saeed, Central Library University Of Engineering And Technology, Lahore.

Every library should have written collection development policy statement. The purpose of such a statement is also a part of it self, so it is not being stated here. Some of the points to be included while writing a policy
statement for central library of a University are as follows. There might be some difference of opinion according to the conditions prevailing in a particular institution. So the exceptions are always there. Moreover it is a very brief description of the topic and therefore subject to additions and alterations.

1. General

Collection development should be the responsibility of the Library Committee headed by the chairman of the committee. The faculty members of all the teaching departments of the University assist the Committee.
The Library Committee shall also be responsible for budgetary allocation to various teaching departments of the University, using such specific criteria as:
· Enrollment
· Number and nature of degrees offered
· Number of graduate and post-graduate students
· Present and planned programs by the University administration and academic faculties
· Teaching and research needs and the library budget, of course, shall be the major determining factor.

2. Purpose

· To give aims and guidelines to the subject specialist who ultimately determine the contents of the Library's collection.
· To make those aims and guidelines known as well, to the whole Library staff.
· To implement the curricula by supplying the study and research resources required by the student and faculty.
· To ensure that the important books in all relevant fields are acquired.
· To place authority and responsibility for building Library collection.

3. Selection Policy for the General Library

A. General Statement

The collection development policy for the general Library is a methodology for acquiring monographs, serials and other materials to support the teaching and research functions of the University and to enhance the
cumulative scholarly resources of the academic community. The importance of careful selection has increased with the continuous growth in the publications and the cost of keeping servicing them.Like any other, the collection development policy statement is a flexible guideline, necessarily subject to constant review and formal revision. The direction of the Library's growth must be responsive to immediate and
projected needs or changes. The quality of our collection development is particularly important, since the fixed space of the main Library demands careful selectivity, consolidation of materials wherever possible and close attention to technological advances in systems for bibliographical control.

B. Guide Line for Overall Policy.

1. New programs
The Library Committee and its advisory group must be informed of new course offerings, research projects and department changes in academic goals and programs. No new program can be instituted with out provision, by the University of adequate funds for the purchase of Library materials.
2. Materials to be acquired
Books, serials, basic data tapes, microforms and other relevant forms that may develop, should be given full consideration by the specialist. Because of space limitations and other advantages, microforms will be considered as a substitute for hard copy.
3. Materials not to be acquired
Multiple copies of any title are not to be purchased for the main Library, except when vital for reserve, reference or special collection.The main Library shall not acquire material needed by the constituent
collages as they have their own Libraries.
4. Area Resources
The proximity of the University to other Libraries of equal status shall be an important consideration in our book selection activities. It would be illogical for the general Library to develop a heavy and costly collection,
access to which is only a few minutes away. However, these other resources cannot be viewed as surrogates to escape the educational and research obligations of our own University community.
5. Budgetary Guidelines
As stated earlier the financial allocation per discipline shall serve as monetary guideline only within which each discipline can be developed. But it does not entail any department, any kind of right of conception of that allocation. If any department is reluctant to consume any of it funds or does not show any interest, the funds may be consume against a more needy department. The entire Library budget is purely at the disposal\control of the Chairman, Library Committee. All the purchases shall be made according to University Purchase Rules.

C. Guidelines for Selection

1. All the recommendations of Library Materials shall be sent to the Librarian through the Chairman\Heads of the teaching departments, who shall get it approved by the Chairman, Library Committee after its thorough
checking and evaluation.
2. No recommendation shall be turned down as a whole without any sound reasons under intimation to the recommending authority.
3. All deletions/changes in the recommendations shall be dually informed to the recommender.
4. If any funds are left unconsumed till the last month of the financial year, the Chairman, Library Committee may consume it under the same head if he finds it appropriate.
5. Needs and demands differ in various subject areas. To indicate how far the main Library can go in meeting these, we recognize following degrees of depth in the development of collection
b. Instructional collection
c. Comprehensive research collection
All the purchases shall be made keeping in view these levels and demands[Contents]

Professional News

Guidelines for Archive Mangament in Pakistan
Dr. Nasim Fatima

Published by and Available From IDARA KITABYAT- E –PAKISTAN P.O. Box , 8421, University of Karachi, Karachi , 2004 Hard Bound : Rs. 250 / $. 50
E-Mail :
Contents: Foreword , Preface
Need For Archives Management Courses in Pakistani Universities Definitions/Descriptions ,Archival Materials , Value Of Archival Records , Difference Between Archives And Libraries , Documents/ Rare Book , Archivist: Skills, Duties , Archives Documentation, Archives Management, Processing , Archival Information Systems Electronic Records – Strategies And Requirements , Standards, Types Of Information Standards ,Descriptive Standards For Catalogue Records , Descriptive Standards For Inventories / Registers Cataloguing Standards For A2A , Preservation And Conservation Of Archives , Problems of Preservation and Conservation of Archival Material in Pakistan ,Bibliography.[Contents]

Pakistan Library Bulletin Vol. 34 (4) December, 2003 published : Contacts; -

Contents: Libraries and internet, Impact of CD ROM Technology on Library’s Scholarly services ,Early child hood care and development and the role of public library , dewey for Windows An Overview and guide for Beginners ,Libraries networks, Book Reviews, News and Views,
Urdu section: Akhbari Kutub Khanay, Kitabain (poem) , An Interview with Sawaleha Moin , Book Reviews, Kutub Khanay or Akhbari Tarashay.[Contents]

Methods of Teaching Library Science in Colleges Workshop held on 25th February,2004 in Department of Library and Information Science, University of Karachi.

A one day workshop was held in linkage program of the Department with colleges
about the revised curriculum in B.A ( Library Science) 17 teachers participated.
Prof. M.K. Sherwani welcomed the participants and through light on the objectives of workshop. All college teachers,Khalida Saeed, Salma Naheed, Musarrat Mushtaq
Najma Khalid , Najma and others presented the problems in LIS teaching.
Anwer Shoib Khan, Farhat Husain, Muneera Nasreen , Lubna Noor, Rafat Perveen, Naveed-e- Saher, gave their presentations. Penalists Dr. Naeem Qureshi, Prof. Malahat Kaleem Sherwani gave their valuable remarks on the topic. Concluding remarks and suggestions to problems were given by Dr. Nasim Fatim, chairperson .The program ended with a vote of thanks by Muneera Nasreen Ansari, Tea offered by rafat Perveen .Mr. Farhat husain was the moderater.[Contents]

New Trends in Bibliographic Citations and References in Research , 23rd lecture of Higher Education Series was delivered
Dr. Nasim Fatima

Dr. Nasim Fatima was invited by the Higher Education Commission to deliver a lecture on the topic mentioned above on 17th February, 2004 in the auditorium of HEC, Karachi. She discussed the various types of research and reference entries specially citations of Electronic , Books , Journals , and various types of databases . About 55-60 participants attended the session and a question answer session was held. Mr. Dholan Khiyani , Regional Director HEC , appreciated and said largest number of participants indicate the importance of a lecture like this. High Tea was offered at the end.[Contents]

Scope of Library and Information Science another Lecture By Dr. Nasim Fatima in D.H.A.

Dr. Tayyaba Mamoon , a member of the syndicate of University of Karachi and Pricipal, D.H.A. college has invited Dr. Nasim for a demonstration about the Scope of Library Science for the faculty and students which was held on March,4th ,2004.
She discussed the terminological changes taking place in information society. Levels of library education in Pakistan, functions of library in college , utilities of electronic library facilities and importance of library science for students in education , information and recreation. It was a power point presentation.[Contents]

List Of Theses Submitted In 2003, Department Of Library & Information Science, University Of Karachi.

1. Amna Khan. Library Literature in Pakistan 1993 – 1996. A Research Study. Karachi: Department of Library and Information Science, University of Karachi, 2003. (MLIS thesis). Supervisor; Farhat Hussain.
2. Andleeba Akhtar. Library and Information Science: Literature Published in Pakistan during 1981 – 1984. Karachi: Department of Library and Information Science, University of Karachi, 2003. (MLIS thesis). Supervisor; Farhat Hussain.
3. Asia Khan. Library Literature in Pakistan, 1989 – 1992: A Research Study (Urdu) Karachi: Department of Library and Information Science, University of Karachi, 2003. (MLIS thesis). Supervisor; Farhat Hussain.
4. Asif Ilyas. Media Libraries in Karachi: Radio, TV, Theater, Museum etc. (Urdu) Karachi: Department of Library and Information Science, University of Karachi, 2003. (MLIS thesis). Supervisor; Dr. Nasim Fatima.
5. Khalida Zia. DHA, Defense Housing Authority, Central and Club Library. Karachi: Department of Library and Information Science, University of Karachi, 2003. (MLIS thesis). Supervisor; Rafat Parveen Siddiqui.
6. Khan, Arshad Ali. A Survey of Homeopathic Colleges and Hospitals Libraries in Karachi. (Urdu) Karachi: Department of Library and Information Science, University of Karachi, 2003. (MLIS thesis). Anwer Shoaib Khan.
7. Nadia Iqbal. Pakistan Librarianship On Websites. A Critical research Study. (Urdu) Karachi: Department of Library and Information Science, University of Karachi, 2003. (MLIS thesis). Supervisor; Dr. Nasim Fatima.
8. Naghmana Ansari. ICAP Libraries: Comparative Study of their Management Resources and Services. Karachi: Department of Library and Information Science, University of Karachi, 2003. (MLIS thesis). Supervisor; Lubna Noor.
9. Naiyer Huda. Electronic Reference Sources of Library and Information Science: Study and Evaluation. Karachi: Department of Library and Information Science, University of Karachi, 2003. (MLIS thesis). Supervisor; Naveed-e-Sehar.
10. Raheela Khatoon. Library Literature in Pakistan, 1985 – 1988: A Research Study (Urdu) Karachi: Department of Library and Information Science, University of Karachi, 2003. (MLIS thesis). Supervisor; Anwer Shoaib Khan.
11. Sadhia Kanwal. Role of Pakistan Bibliographical Working Group in the Development of Bibliography in Pakistan. Karachi: Department of Library and Information Science, University of Karachi, 2003. (MLIS thesis). Supervisor; Dr. Nasim Fatima.
12. Salma Urooj. Library Literature in Pakistan, 1997 – 2000: A Research Study (Urdu) Karachi: Department of Library and Information Science, University of Karachi, 2003. (MLIS thesis). Supervisor; Anwer Shoaib Khan.
13. Sami-Ur-Rehman, Hafiz. Survey of Libraries of Religious Institutions in District East of Karachi. (Urdu) Karachi: Department of Library and Information Science, University of Karachi, 2003. (MLIS thesis). Supervisor; Anwer Shoaib Khan[Contents]

The Pakistan Library Association (Federal Branch) arranged an EID Millan Party at National Library Of Pakistan on 23rd December,2003.

A number of Librarians from Islamabad and from different parts of the country joins this Eid millan Party.Mr Mushahid Hussain ,President PLA (FB) chair this cermony.There was a brief introduction of all the particepants.Mian Muhammad Ramzan Conclude the cermoney." [Contents]

Dr. Muhammad Ramzan addresses in HEC workshop

"Your Excellency Dr. Atta-ur-Rehman, Federal Minister and Chairman HEC, Dr. Sohail Naqvi member Planning and HRD, HEC, Mr. Kamran Naeem and my Colleague participants, this is start of a new paradigm of electronic resources in Pakistan. It is a dream taking its real shape. We never thought of getting countrywide access to full-text online journals in Pakistan.

On behalf of workshop participants, I thank the leadership of Dr. Atta-ur-Rehman's Administration, Vision, Energy and Skills to getting things done of Dr. Sohail Naqvi and the young spirited team of Kamran Naeem and Ms. Mani for making this happening of us.

I also appreciate the methodology, knowledge and will of Martin Bechler, he demonstrated during this successful 5 days training workshop.

It is now our professional and moral responsibility to take the skills knowledge and works to take back to our universities and institutions and make this national level project a success. This is first institutional level effort bye the HEC, Govt. of Pakistan. This is also right time to mention that PERN digital library proposal prepared by the LUMS is taking practical shape in the form of Online Journal subscription by HEC through PERI project.

I am extremely impressed the depth and knowledge of Dr. Atta-ur-Rehman, regarding e-journals core journals, their impact factor, and more which many of the participants are not aware of, lets acknowledge this!

In the end I would like to thank again HEC for this national level project and urge the participating colleagues to make this a success through enhancing the use of e-recourses for ultimate benefits of economic and social prosperity of the country through good quality research and teaching."[Contents]

Personal Announcements



May Almighty Allah bless the departed souls in eternal peace, and provide solace to their near and dear ones.



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