Pak-LIS News
Jan/Feb 2005, Vol. 5, No. 1




Library Information Management System (LIMS)
Management of Other Media
Pakistan Bibliographical Organization Launches Website
Training Course on “Library Management Skills December 13-18, 2004” at National Centre for Rural Development & Municipal Administration( AHKNCRD & MA), Islamabad.
The Pakistan Library Association (Federal Branch) Organizes Eid Millan Party at Poultry Research Institute, Rawalpindi.
1st Lecture of the Series “Automating Pakistani Libraries” Delivered by Dr. Muhammad Ramzan on 27.01.2005 at Quaid-e-Azam Library, Bagh-e-Jinnah, Lahore.
Lahore Librarians Celebrate PhD of Dr. Khalid Mahmood
Mrs. Rubina Tairq Chohan, Faculty Member at the Department of Library & Information Science, Islamia University, Bahawalpur Joins Her Duty After Getting Her PhD
Four-day Training Workshop on Library Automation of Scientific and Technological Organizations from 13-12-04 to 16-12-04



Library Information Management System (LIMS)

Nadeem Siddique, Assistant Librarian, National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences, Lahore Campus

Automation of Justice Gull Muhammad Library, FAST Institute of Computer Science, Lahore started in 1993 when a small application in Foxpro was designed to catalog the library collection with a limited search facility. The need of an integrated library system was felt soon and the task of developing such system was assigned to various groups of BCS students as their final year project. Unfortunately, all assignments were completed and submitted just for the sake of a project that was a compulsion to complete their degree and the library system could not be installed in the library.

The management acquired a Library Management System, LAMP, developed by the Netherlands Library Development Project and Pakistan Library Association. This system was acquired on trial basis. It showed some errors in initial testing. LAMP’s developers were contacted to debug the errors but they did not respond. There was no other option of any good library software in Pakistan and the Institute could not afford costly international software. Eventually, the professional library staff of the Institute decided to develop an integrated system, which could fulfill their library’s needs. So, they started learning Microsoft ACCESS and started work on the software. They did not seek any support from the organization in this matter. As a result, an integrated library software, LIMS, was developed. It was the first library software in Pakistan which was designed by professional librarians. They continued their efforts to polish its different modules and it took almost two years to reach the software its present state. The team of developers also decided to help other libraries by providing this software free of charge.

LIMS has a simple and comprehensive interface for data entry of library material. All bibliographic details of various types of library material can be recorded. Records can be searched by all fields and can be edited easily. Different combo boxes are available to facilitate data entry. It facilitates the entry of multiple copies of a book. Different checks are applied on different fields to avoid mistakes. Some short keys are also available to enhance the speed of data entry.

LIMS offers many search options like, Title Search, Author Search, Title and Author Search, Subject, and Keyword Search. Searching is very fast and provides maximum information about the library items with their status. It also shows the availability status of the items in the library. Search results can be sorted and filtered by different fields. Different Boolean operators can be applied by using Query windows of MS ACCESS.

Membership form is provided to enter library member information. There is a category field that helps to provide category of the member as a faculty member, student, researcher etc. One can assign privileges to members according to their categories. There is an option to enable or disable user account.

One of the most powerful features of LIMS is its circulation module. Circulation in LIMS is very simple and speedy. Books can be issued by using either barcode reader or keyboard. In the issuance of books only book accession number and member ID are required. LIMS gives due date automatically according to the member’s category. It will not issue any book to any person whose books limit is exceeding. Books can be returned just by giving accession number of the book by using barcode. If the book is overdue, fine is automatically calculated according to the member category. Issued books can also be reserved.

LIMS helps to monitor budget. It can show the total number of books purchased in any particular year, total cost spent so far, balance, and average cost of books purchased during any particular year. Discipline wise details of expenditure of budget of any particular year can be printed and the amount spent on different heads can be monitored.

Plenty of reports are available in LIMS e.g. Books Issued Today, Books Returned Today, Student Fine Today, Specific Book Issue History, Specific Member Issue History, etc. Statistics are available for daily routine works. It is very easy to print book cards and spine labels from LIMS. Just give the accession of the books whose labels are required, LIMS will automatically generate them. Accession Register can be printed for any range of the library material.

Another unique feature of LIMS is its stocktaking module. It is very easy to do stocktaking with the help of LIMS. You just give accession number of the library material with Barcode reader or manually by keyboard. After entering all accession numbers, you just need to click the Stocktaking Report link; a list of all missing library material with necessary details will be displayed and can be printed out.

LIMS OPAC can be made available through Intranet and Internet. It provides simple search and advance search. Member can search a library item and its availability remotely. Members can also access their accounts to check number of books issued to them with due date and fine.

Data can be transferred to LIMS from different formats like LAMP, Foxpro and Xbase databases.

LIMS is being used in more than 50 libraries of various types, i. e., academic, special, and public libraries not only in Pakistan but also in Middle East. Some very prestigious educational institutions are using LIMS.

LIMS’ users are being provided informal training and support through messenger, e-mail, phone, or visits to user’s library. A team of group members provides training and support locally in Islamabad and Punjab free of cost. The group of users is going to launch workshops in Lahore and Islamabad for the training of the librarians for the use of LIMS and its OPAC.

LIMS can be downloaded from , can be obtained by sending an email to or or by visiting FAST National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences.

Despite strong features of LIMS, it has some weaknesses as well. LIMS is not a multilingual database. It does not follow any international standard like MARC and Z39.50. As it is developed in Microsoft ACCESS so it also has limitations of Microsoft ACCESS.

After receiving feed back from different Libraries where LIMS is being used successfully, the need for a multilingual open source library software is strongly felt. To cater the needs of Pakistani libraries, a new version of LIMS has been started to develop which is about to launch in next few months. The new version will also have many new facilities. New version will be the complete solution of Pakistani libraries of all types and sizes (even large libraries containing more than one million volumes).

Although automation in libraries of Pakistan was started many years ago but it yet to achieve its goals due to many reasons. The main hindrance is unavailability of any suitable software. International software packages are not only costly but they also have some other problems. LIMS is very useful for Pakistani libraries because it is free of cost and fulfills maximum requirements of small and medium sized libraries. Despite some limitations LIMS has provided a strong foundation to Pakistani librarians to automate their libraries within their limited resources. A team of committed librarians is behind LIMS for its further development and technical support. One should be quite optimistic because this is the beginning not the ‘end of history'.[Contents]


Management Of Other Media

Raja Muhammad Ibrahim, Senior Librarian, Comsats Institute Of Inforamtion Technology, Islamabad.


This article gives guidelines on the acquisition and organization of different media (Audio Visual) within the local library, base on the recommendation that all information resources should be housed in and controlled by the library.

There will be inevitably be constraint on a achieving the objective of an integrated library collection, not least the physical layout of the library resources, security within the library and the use made of the different media nevertheless, although it may be practical impossible are inadvisable to house all media in the library area, the library should be the central point of reference for inquiries and application for loan. It must, therefore, have full knowledge of all resources available in the library and the materials should be represent in the library catalog irrespective of its physics location.

To provide access to the AudioVisual materials in the library it will be necessary to have relevant playback equipment available. Many libraries allocate a separate room or screened area is a listening / viewing area. However, tap records and record player, each equip with upto four set of head phones, can be used for review and study purposes on open library tables without creating disturbance and light boxes placed on the equipment’s and materials and experts staff can help to overcome the normal inhibitions which library users feel unfamiliar media.


Library committee should base selection of audiovisual materials firmly on the aim and objectives of the library as related to the policy priorities of an individual library.
In selecting audiovisual materials it is not only the subject matter and educational level, which is important. Library committee must consider the effectiveness of individual media in relation to the subject covered, cost and local circumstances. For instance, in searching for audio visual materials on a specific subject the librarian made discover a video tap or Tape/ slide program which is exactly appropriate. However, if the potential users of the material do not have access to the appropriate playback equipment, or if that access is restricted, then the medium may not be appropriate to user needs and library committee should seek a less sophisticated alternative, such as a set of charts or filmstrips. Money can be wasted easily by not considering carefully available resources of users and possible future developments in media technology in the library concerned. Care should also be taken not to some subjects are best covered by using a simpler form of presentation; the reverse can also be true. Library committee selecting audio visual material should take care to fit the medium and its resources to the message as well as to potential audiences.

It is not necessary to introduce new cataloguing codes or classification scheme for audiovisual materials. As most, if not all, collections for media will be housed in the library area (and those, which are not, should be under the control of the librarian) they should be catalogued and classified in the same way as the book collections.


No special approach is required to use the Dewey Decimal Classification scheme to classify audio visual material since in every case it is the subject content of an item which is classified and not the physical format.

For example, in classifying sets of slides, set of taps, or multimedia packs containing several different items, the set or packs should always be considered as a whole. The parts should not be split up and classified separately since this would require the physical separation of parts of a set on the shelves.


In most libraries it will be impossible to maintain a practical physical arrangement of material in which all media are completely integrated with the books in one single subject sequence; an integrated library catalogue is therefore essential. There may be several sequences of material separated by form in the library area and perhaps other collections of material located in another part of the building. The library catalogue should hold a record of every item in stock and these should be arranged in single subject sequence. Thus the attention of a reader looking for a copy of ‘ THE MERCHANT OF VENICE’ will be drawn to the fact that the library also holds a sound recording video cassette and a 16 mm film.

Conversely many libraries find that their users approach the library collection by format rather than by subject. In an integrated catalogue audiovisual materials may be lost among the proportionality larger book collection. Using colored catalogue cards can solve the problem of identifying different materials in an integrated catalogue. If the different material held are two numerous to be covered by the range of colors available these can be grouped to relate to the main media classes, for example.

Books- white cards
Visual materials e.g. slide, filmstrips, film and video-pink cards.
Audio materials e.g. taps, records-blue cards
Multi-media packs-green cards.

The catalogue entry should state the format of each item clearly. This method of grouping material together identifies the audiovisual media while remaining reasonably simple to operate and to follow.
In addition to the integrated catalogue some libraries may need to keep some separate sequences by form. Such separate media catalogues should not be created unless:
The collection is very small, i.e. between 20 and 50 items.
Printed catalogues are distributed to promote the use of the collection, e.g. a 16-mm film catalogue.

The Anglo-American cataloguing Rules (2ne edition) should be used as the basic tool for cataloguing all materials. However the degree of detail recommended in this code for audiovisual material may need to be reduced to avoid entries, which are too complicated for local users.
For instance, it may not be necessary to state that a filmstrip gauge is 35 mm since this is the accepted standard. Similarly, it is seldom this is the commercially accepted standard size. Library committee should decide which details to include and which to omit according to their library user’s needs and levels of sophistication, together with carefully considered forecast of possible future needs.


Incorporating audiovisual materials into a library invariably involves reorganizing the layout and acquiring some new furniture and equipment. In planning the layout of a multimedia library, library committee should consider the following points.

Audiovisual material does not always require special furniture for storage. Ordinary library shelving, standard office filing cabinets and cupboards can be used successfully with some additions, such as special display stands, record browsers etc. special audio visual cabinets designed to hold a mixture of media and sometimes equipment’s are not recommended since they are costly and cannot be used for a substantial collection which is organized by subject rather then by format. An important consideration for library committee planning an open access multimedia library is the siting of viewing and listening facilities. Separate playback areas or rooms are unsatisfactory since they reinforce the widely held view that audiovisual material is unusual or special, an attitude which libraries should aim to overcome. Where possible simple listening and viewing facility (tap recorder and light boxes) would be sited in the open library on tabletops close to collection so as to be available for browsers. Individual study units (study carrels) can be installed, if considered necessary, for more sophisticated equipment’s (video players, tap/slides) which may distract other library users. Sufficient table space should be allowed to permit the simultaneous use of equipment and printed material. Enough electrical power points should also be installed to operate the equipment, since the use of batteries is extremely expensive.

One constraint on using projection equipment is lighting. Slide filmstrip and film projectors require subdued lighting and their use in the library may thus be limited. Individual study or preview may require small screen equipment or light boxes. Users may have to rely on the notes and synopses accompanying 16-mm films and video cassettes instead of a preview on the spot. If simple slide or filmstrip projectors are to be used in the library it may be possible to project an adequate image on to an adjacent white wall in very subdued light, or to use a black projection screen in normal light.


One of the main constraints on achieving the objects of a central collection of multimedia resources is security. Library committee should keep in mind the following points in view.

The layout of the library should be such that staffs have a clear view of shelves and users. For example the shelve might be arranged so that they radiate out from the issue disk like the spokes of wheel. Library committee should also consider precautionary measures such as provision of an area out side the library are living back security checks on users leaving the library etc. The average cost of simple audiovisual material, excepting 16mm film, videotape and large multi-media packs can be lower than the current average cost of book. Replacing some missing audiovisual items is just as tiresome as replacing missing books but it is no more expensive.
The novelty of audiovisual items may mean that initially tapes, slides and records disappear mote rapidly than books. Much audiovisual material very small – a tape or a single slide may be slipped undetected into a packet or handbag. Although commercial producers will normally replace missing tapes and notes from a set they will normally copies of single slides in a set.

The novelty of audiovisual items may mean that initially tapes, slides and records disappear more rapidly then books. Much audiovisual materials are very small- a tap or a single slide may be slipped undetected into a pocket or handbag. Although commercial producers will normally replace missing taps and notes from a set they will not supply extra copies of single slides in a set.

The loss of 16mm film, videotape or large multimedia pack can represent a considerable financial loss. However, films and videotapes are difficult to remove undetected from library with adequate security precautions and bulky multimedia packs are virtually impossible to remove, although vital pieces from the packs can easily be lost.

A library committee must make decisions on the audiovisual material based among other things on his library’s record of losses. However, the objective should be to make as much material as is practical available on open access, avoiding the over-caution attitude that audio visual material as a whole is more special and valuable than books.


Library committee must decide which methods of storage to use based on the following considerations:

6.1 Whether it is to be a reference or lending collection. This will dictate the location of the material with existing reference or loan stock and the way the material must be packaged;
6.2 Who is to use the collection and whether library users are reasonably familiar with audio visual material;
6.3 The amount of space available. Slide sets, for instance stored in boxes on open shelves take up considerably more space than if they are stored in filing cabinets;
6.4 The number of staff available. This will partly dictate whether the material and equipment is to be on open access;
6.5 Funds available for purchasing additional storage equipment.

Whenever possible audio video material should be stored on conventional library shelving on open access although in certain cases this may not be practical. Sophisticated media storage equipment is generally costly, daunting to the inexperienced, library user and difficult to repair and replace.

A library Committee’s decision on whether to integrate the audiovisual material with the book stock must be based on his library’s needs. Most audiovisual material can be integrated on the shelves with the books stock to form one single subject sequence.
The advantage of such an arrangement is that the users can find all the materials relevant to his needs housed on the shelve at the same location. A fully integrated arrangement can also help the users to become more familiar and at ease with different media.

There are three majors’ disadvantages. First. Some user may prefer to browse through the items of a particular audiovisual medium; second, a fully integrated stock can be waste full of shelf space and vary difficult to keep in order. Third, if library user are totally unfamiliar with audio visual material and audio visual stock is considerably smaller then the books stock it may be more sensible to keep the audio visual materials in separate sequence to avoid unfamiliar media being “LOST” among the consideration of size and space available, and on users needs. Boos with accompanying audiovisual material should never be shelve separately; other print materials such as workcards, portfolios, sets of photographs.


The following paragraphs outline ways of packaging and storing each medium on open access, using ordinary shelving where possible.

Both slidesets and filmstrips can be packaged in library binders, which will also hold the accompanying notes, or in simple study boxes. They can then be kept on the shelves and loaned as a unit. Within the binders the slide are kept in transparent slide pages which can be detached to lay over a light box for previewing purposes. Many commercial producers package their products in attractive though boxes and binders and material should be left in this original packaging whenever this is appropriate. A variety of different binders and boxes present a more visually interesting display.

7.2 166 MM FILMS

Since films are packaged in round metal or plastic cans, storage on ordinary library shelving is impossible, as in the integration of 16-mm films with other materials and books. They must be stored on film racks as a separate sequence, but can be classified by Dewey and located in the library area. Racks for storage films containers or available from some manufacturing of library furniture to fit shelving bays in place of ordinary shelving and they are more attractive then the usual metal film storage racks.


All video tape is sold in dust proof protective containers and the most convenient way of storing it is on conventional library shelving.


Cassette and open real tapes on accompanied by other material can be stored on library shelving and the plastic are card board cases in which can usefully be integrated with books, as can tapes, which don’t take a great deal of space and often relate directly to the books stock.

A fully integrated catalogue should support any arrangement, which separates material into different subject sequence by format.

When method of storage and layout are decided the Library Committee should give serious consideration to the care and preservation of audiovisual material. Ideally libraries in hot cities should be air-conditioned but since this is not always possible the following general guidelines should be observed:

All audiovisual material and books should be stored away from direct sunlight and sources of heat such as radiators.

Excessive humidity causes film and magnetic tape to develop fungi and an excessively dry atmosphere makes them brittle and easily broken. Glass slide mounts should not be used in humid cities since this reduces the circulation of air round the piece of film and increases the growth of fungus.

Electrostatic attraction makes both film and magnetic tape highly susceptible to dust and dirt. Still and moving film should always be stored in dust-proof cans or wallets, and tapes and videotapes should never remain out of their dust-proof plastic containers for longer than absolutely necessary.

All audio and videotapes and cassettes should be stored away from strong magnetic fields generated by, for instance, electric motors or transformer units.

To prevent accidental erasure of pre-recorded audiocassette tapes the small plastic lugs at the back of the cassette should be removed. To ensure that videocassettes are safeguarded, the small red plug on the bottom of the cassette should be removed.

They are supplied. This arrangement has two main drawbacks: the small cassette tapes can easily be lost if they are shelved with other larger items and a whole shelf devoted to tapes alone can be wasteful of space since half the width of the shelf will be empty. Sets of tapes with accompanying notes, filmstrips or slide-sets can be packaged in appropriate library binders for storing on open shelves. If tapes accompany one or several books they should be kept together in a box on the shelves and not separate by format.


It is impractical to attempt to store records with other material on library shelves, but… they should be available on open access for browsing. The most appropriate method of storage is in record browsers-units of shallow trays, which hold up to 50 records upright in each tray at a slight angle with the record sleeve facing outwards. The records and sleeves should be protected against dust and wear and tear by stiff transparent plastic covers.


The term covers any combination of two or more material in any quantity. The material in each pack is always related and should never be split up for the purposes of storage. Small packs containing up to 6 items normally present no problems of storage since they can be shelved in boxes or binders. However some multi-media packs are too large to fit conveniently on a library shelf and must be stored, in the same way as oversize books, in a separate sequence.


These are produced either as single sheets of acetate approximately 10-1/2in *10-1/2in, in cardboard frames approximately 11-3/8in *11-3/4in or in book form. The last presents no problems. The other two types are too large to be kept in A4 size pamphlet boxes on the shelves and the transparencies without cardboard frames should be used to house sets of transparencies and notes, which can then be kept in an oversize sequence of shelving. However , if a large number of transparencies are in stock it may be more practical not to store them on the open shelves. Transparent plastic wallets to hang from metal bars in “jumbo” filing cabinets are available and this method is not only economical on space but allows browsing without removing the transparencies from their wallets. These wallets accommodate both framed and unframed transparencies with notes.


These are cheap and very effective resource materials, which are often overlooked or rejected because problems arise in issuing them for loan, and in storage. They should always be laminated. Most major producers will supply them plain or laminated and where these are not available they should be ordered through an audiovisual supplier who will laminate wall charts for a small additional cost. There are numerous methods of storing wall charts and posters, none entirely satisfactory. The best methods for purposes of browsing and for preservation of the material are to store the charts hanging vertically from purpose-built hangers on a wall tack or mobile unit. Each hanger will hold up to 20-30 charts and can be detached from the rack allowing closer inspection of charts on a table. The charts can be kept easily in classified order. All systems of this type are expensive but very robust.


Loaning audio visual material is more complex than loaning books, and libraries may be tempted to avoid the inherent complexities by marking them for reference only. However, libraries should make audio visual materials available for loan to serious library user.

With the move towards an integrated collection of material and an integrated library catalogue, a single system of issuing material is also desirable. This will depend upon the way the audio visual material is packaged. If binder or boxes are used for the majority of media it will not be difficult to attach ticket pockets and date labels to the package and uses the traditional Browne issue system.

It is necessary to check all audio visual items carefully on return from loan, and procedures to do this should be set up by Librarians and followed consistently. Particular care should be taken to check that notes accompanying slides and filmstrips, etc. do not go astray; that missing slides are recorded before an item goes out on loan again; card labeled “missing” can be inserted into the vacant pocket to make checking easy; and that all items in a multi-media pack are present. It also desirable that returned 16mm films and video tapes be played through to check for damage and breakage’s which should then be repaired and noted.

The greatest issue problems are caused by items such as games, portfolios and large multi-media packs, which often include many related worksheets, cards, workbooks, etc. It is virtually impossible to check that each piece of paper, flashcard is present every time such items are borrowed and returned and there is considerable risk of loss. It may therefore be inadvisable to lend such items.

Processing audio visual material for inclusion in stock is extremely important. Audio visual items, depending on there packaging, size and content will usually require a spine classification label, date label and book card pocket on the binder or box. In addition the following processing is essential:

All items in a multi-media pack , portfolio or game should be clearly labeled with the overall title of the set so that items which become separated can be easily reshelved. It is particularly important that all slides in a set are labeled with an identifying title and slide number as this is not always done by the producer.

Open reel tapes should have colored leaders and trailers to mark the beginning and end of the tape , on which can be written information about the recording. Similarly the beginning of 16mm films should be marked with a long blank piece of film known as the leader. Both tapes and films should be labeled on the reel itself as well as on the film can, with the title and class number.


The successful exploitation of audiovisual materials in ant library requires that the staff be able and willing to give advice on how to use the equipment available in the library and on the relative advantages and disadvantages of each medium, in addition to their normal role of helping users to find information relevant to their needs. Both audiovisual material and equipment can be very daunting and it requires a good deal of staff confidence and their active presence to reassure and to educate users.

Staff training in a multi-media library should include complete familiarization with all types of material, and the care and preservation of such materials as film and tape.

Staff must be able to operate the relevant playback equipment with confidence and be capable to explaining its use to library users clearly and effectively.

All staff should be fully aware of what materials are in stock. If all material is not fully integrated in one subject sequence on the shelves but split up by format into several sequences staff should always be able to draw the user’s attention to the full range of media in particular subject.


All audiovisual equipment in a library should be as simple and easy to operate as possible. Complex equipment is more likely to inhibit potential users and to be misused or broken as result of inadequate training in current use.

Whenever possible simple written instructions should be compiled on how to operate each machine, and these should for displayed in the library to supplement, assistance by the staff.

Libraries with a substantial collection of slides should have a light box available for previewing purposes. Light boxes are simple pieces of equipment and can be made locally to individual specifications or can be purchased from one of several manufacturers at relatively low prices.

The use of mains-operated audiocassette tape players is recommended for playback purposes. Having no recording facility, (unnecessary in a library) they are considerably cheaper than player /recorders and simpler to operate.

Library should seek advice on the purchase of all audio visual equipment from other well-known libraries (expert) to ensure that the correct type and number of accessories are made available together with the major components.

References: taken from different books, periodicals and general type of readings
. [Contents]


Pakistan Bibliographical Organization Launches Website

The Pakistan Bibliographical Organization (PBO), formerly known as Idara Kitabyat -e- Pakistan, has recently launched its website. The details about the organization and full text bibliographical contributions can be obtained by visiting its website Founded by Nasim Fatima, the PBO has been working for the promotion of Library & Research publications in particular. It has already published research works as

Catalogue of Urdu Manuscripts in National Museum of Karachi
by Dr. Zafar Iqbal.

Bibliographical Resources and Services in Pakistan
by A.H. Siddiqui.

Library and Information Science Research in Pakistani
Universities, by Dr. Nasim Fatima and Dr. Khalid Mahmood

Bibliographical Heritage of Pakistan by Dr. Nasim Fatima &Naveedul Haq

Quite a few other publications have been brought out by this organization in Urdu as well as English.
The objectives of the PBO are to compile bibliographies, to promote bibliographical access to the end users, to participate in national bibliographical control, to prepare bibliographical databases and make them accessible, to produce bibliographical databases electronically and to represent Pakistan librarianship at the international level.

Training Course on “Library Management Skills December 13-18, 2004” at National Centre for Rural Development & Municipal Administration( AHKNCRD & MA), Islamabad

It was one-week training program that started on Monday the 13th of December and lasted till Saturday the 18th of December 2004. The Course contents with name of resource persons are as under:
Historical Perspective, Importance & Function by Prof. Dr. M. Fazil Khan, Head, Department of Library and Information , Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad
Library Communication was give by Mr. Ashraf Tanveer, Director, NARC., Islamabad
Library Management-Need and Practice, Classification, Concept and Techniques. by Mr. Ishtiaq Ahmed, Director, Higher Education Commission
Library Management in the Context of Globalization by Mr. Aslam Mujahid, Country Director, American Center, Islamabad.

Cataloguing – Concept and Techniques Mr. Hamidullah Khattak, Librarian, AHKNCRD & MA
Database Creation in Libraries by Ms. Shahnaz Zuberi, Senior Information Officer, NARC
Digital Library and Present by Ms. Bushra Almas Juswal, Director, UNDP, Islamabad
Automation Techniques and use, Internet Application & Information Retrieval System in Libraries, Copy Right Law and their Importance by Mr. Abdul Salam, Programme Analyst, World Bank, Islamabad
Resource Sharing Through Networking by Ms. Nighat Yasmeen, Director, PASTIC
During the training participants visited following libraries:
1. National Library of Pakistan
2. PASTIC National Center

At the end of the training Mr. Akram Zia, Principal Librarian, Federal Shariat Court, Islamabad introduced “Pakistan Library Automation Group” to all the participants of the workshop. Mr. Nadeem Siddique, Assistant Librarian, FAST-NU, Lahore gave demo of “Library Information & Management System (LIMS)”,
Director General & Faculty Members, AHKNCRD & MA, did course Evaluation and finally the participants were awarded Certificates by Director General, AHKNCRD & MA.

Pakistan Library Association (Federal Branch) Organizes Eid Millan Party at Poultry Research Institute, Rawalpindi

Pakistan Library Association (Federal Branch) organized Eid Millan Party at Poultry Research Institute, Rawalpindi on 16-12-04. A larg number of librarians of Islamabad and participant of Training course at AHKNCRD & MA participated the party and shared their views to promote librarianship. [Contents]

1st Lecture of the Series “Automating Pakistani Libraries” Delivered by Dr. Muhammad Ramzan on 27.01.2005 at Quaid-e-Azam Library, Bagh-e-Jinnah, Lahore

In continuation of its scholarly and professional activities the Quaid-e-Azam Library, Bagh-e-Jinnah, Lahore has arranged a series of 2 Lectures on “Automating Pakistani Libraries” by Dr. Muhammad Ramzan, Chief Librarian, Lahore University of Management Sciences, Lahore.
Dr. Ramzan delivered his 1st lecture on the topic “From Need Analysis to the Selection of Suitable Library System” on Thursday 27th January 2005 at the Iqbal Hall of Quaid-e-Azam Library. A large no. of Professionals attended the lecture. Mr. Muhammad Taj Chief Librarian Quaid-e-Azam Library also spoke on the occasion. Mr. Muhammad Haroon Usmani, Librarian / Programme Officer of Quaid-e-Azam Library was the moderator.
While describing rational of the lecture, Dr. Muhammad Ramzan gave a brief account of the previous history of Automation in Pakistan. He said that library Automation has been accelerated during the year 2000 with HEC funding, general awareness of IT potential amongst masses and Govt. Official and reduced software / hardware prices. All academic and major research and public libraries are at some stage of library Automation and this is high time to analyze the need and select a suitable library system.
After analyzing need of a library system Dr. Muhammad Ramzan discussed different Modules of a library Automation System and threw light on key impact of the library system. After explaining RFP (A request for proposal) and steps in the RFP he told the ways of searching vendors for Library Automation System. He also discussed some major Library Automation Systems used in different libraries around the world. He elaborated the key features required for the evaluation of Library Automation System. At the end he told about the final selection of the suitable system.
The 2nd lecture on “Implementation and maintenance of the library System” will be delivered on February 10, 2005 at 11.00 a.m. at the same venue.

Lahore Librarians Celebrate PhD of Dr. Khalid Mahmood

Teaching faculty of the Department of Library & Information, Punjab University amd some professional librarians organized a dinner party to celebrate the Ph.D. degree of Dr. Khalid Mahmood. The party was attended by more than 60 LIS professionals representing different libraries of Lahore. The participants not only congratulated Dr. Khalid but also appreciated the efforts of Prof. Dr. Abdul Hameed (Research Supervisor) and Mr. Afzal Haq Qarshi for successfully launching a doctoral program in LIS. The participants suggested that the Department of LIS should start a regular program for continuing education of working professionals. The participants also offered their services to the Department in organizing such events.[Contents]

Mrs. Rubina Tairq Chohan, Faculty Member at the Department of Library & Information Science, Islamia University, Bahawalpur Joins Her Duty After Getting Her PhD

Mrs. Rubina Tairq Chohan, Faculty Member at the Department of Library & Information Science, Islamia University, Bahawalpur has got her PhD degree from the University of Manchester, UK. She has joined her duty. The topic of her thesis was: Perceptions of user education in the university libraries of Pakistan. Pak LIS News congratulates her on her success and hope that with her higher qualification she will be a valuable addition to the LIS profession in Pakistan. [Contents]

Four-day Training Workshop on Library Automation of Scientific and Technological Organizations from 13-12-04 to 16-12-04

Pakistan Science Foundation Chairman Dr. Fahim Malik inaugurated four-day training workshop on Library Automation of Scientific and Technological Organization.
Punjab University Department of Library Science and Pakistan Scientific and Technological Information Centre (PASTIC) jointly organized the workshop.
Speaking on the occasion, Dr. Fahim Malik said today was the age of Information Technology (IT), which had revolutionized their lives. He appreciated steps taken by the PASTIC to computerized books, research papers, and journals so that students all over the country could benefit from those research papers.
PASTIC Director Nuzhat Yasmin said the Higher Education Commission had computerized all libraries but we would be able to get maximum benefit from this initiative. (Courtesy to Daily Business Recorder, Lahore). [Contents]




May Almighty Allah bless the departed souls in eternal peace, and provide solace to their near and dear ones!



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